This is a standard notice on advertisements for most university positions:
"The University of Michigan is an Equal Opportunity, Affirmative Action employer and strongly encourages applications from minorities and women."
Maybe I'm just being overly cynical, but aren't statement like this saying:
1. All applicants are "equal," but some candidates are more equal (minorities and women) than others?
2. The University discourages applications from male non-minorities (white men, Middle Eastern men, Pacific Islander men, a male from Mauritius or Turkey, etc.)? That is, might not some white, Mauritian and Middle Eastern men be discouraged from applying if they knew that other applicants were being encouraged to apply, i.e. given preferences?
3. Minorities and women wouldn't apply unless they were given signals ahead of time that their applications would be given extra consideration?
4. In cases where two candidates' credentials were equal, minorities and women would be hired over a Middle Eastern male?
5. Isn't "affirmative action" an intentional departure from "equal opportunity."