Huge Occupational Differences by Gender Exist. Is That By Choice or Is It Gender Discrimination?
|Occupation Category||Percent Female|
|Management and Professional||51.5%|
|Sales and Office||62.9%|
|Farming, Fishing, Forestry, Construction and Maintenance||4.6%|
|Production, Transportation and Material Moving||21.2%|
Am I just being a total sexist, or is it possible that women might actually disproportionately prefer work environments that are relatively safe, indoors, air-conditioned, not physically demanding, and comfortable (office jobs) and men disproportionately tolerate work environments that are relatively unsafe (see CD post about the 12:1 male-female occupational fatality ratio), outdoors, and physically demanding (farming, fishing, logging, manufacturing, roofing, oil rig workers, etc.)? And if labor markets compensate workers with wage premiums for unsafe, uncomfortable, and physically demanding work, could that explain some of the observed gender-based wage differences? Or do any observed gender disparities, e.g. occupational differences, reflect conscious or unconscious sex discrimination?