Spending on Lobbying Doubled From 2000 to 2008
The top chart above shows that spending on lobbying in the U.S. more than doubled between 2000 ($1.56 billion) and 2008 ($3.30 billion), according to the searchable lobbying database of OpenSecrets.org. The bottom chart shows the top 20 organizations that spent the most on lobbying between 1998-2009.
One of the indirect, and often hidden costs of increased government spending, changes in tax policy, or increased government regulation, or even the potential for increased government regulation of industries (pharmaceuticals, health care) or higher taxes (windfall oil profits tax), or the threat of deregulation of industries controlled by trade groups like the AMA, is the cost of potentially wasteful "rent seeking," aka lobbying. From the list of top lobbying spenders, it looks a lot like the industries and companies that had the most to gain or lose from government action (health care, real estate, mortgage, GM, and Exxon) over the last ten years spent the most on lobbying to influence legislation in their favor.
Maybe it's also the case that some of the most heavily regulated industries (health care, health insurance, oil, telecommunications, real estate) spend the most on lobbying. For example, in the largely unregulated high-tech sector, large industry leaders spent relatively small amounts on lobbying in 2008: Dell Computer ($160,000), eBay ($2 million), Amazon ($1.3 million), Google ($2.8 million) and Yahoo! ($2.35 million). Compare those amounts to the heavily regulated and heavily taxed Exxon, which spent $29 million on lobbying in 2008, or more than 10 times more than Google or Yahoo!