Saturday, June 11, 2011

Since 1948 the U.S. Has Lost Twice as Many Jobs in Agriculture (-5.8m) as in Manufacturing (-2.74m)

The chart above displays monthly employment levels for the U.S. manufacturing and agriculture sectors back to January 1948.  

Note that:

1. Compared to 1948 levels of employment, the U.S. agriculture sector has lost more than twice as many jobs (5.83 million) as the manufacturing sector (2.74 million).   

2. Compared to their respective peak levels of employment, the agriculture sector has contracted by 72.3% since 1948 (-5.83 million jobs), which is much higher on a percentage basis than the manufacturing sector's percentage contraction of 40.2% (-7.86 million) since the peak employment level of 19.55 million in 1979.  

Even though job losses in America's farming sector have been much greater both in absolute numbers since 1948 and in percentage terms from their peak levels, when have you ever heard anybody complain about the "decline of U.S. farming" (only about 400 Google search results, many to this blog) or claim that "America doesn't grow anything any more" (no Google results)? In contrast, you'll find 141,000 Google results for "decline of U.S. manufacturing" and 19,500 Google results for "America doesn't make anything anymore."    

The long-term trends are the same in both manufacturing and farming: Technological advances lead to huge increases in worker productivity, which then requires fewer and fewer workers to produce more and more output.  The huge gains in productive efficiency and worker productivity lead to significantly lower and more affordable prices for consumers, leading to a reduced share of food and manufactured goods in both household income and national income (GDP), but increasing levels of output in absolute terms.  For these long-term trends we should be grateful for their major contribution to our ever-increasing standard of living.

5 Comments:

At 6/11/2011 10:15 AM, Blogger Rufus II said...

The fact is, "Manufacturing" is just getting started.


We will end up rethinking a lot of things before this is over.

 
At 6/11/2011 11:24 AM, Blogger Buddy R Pacifico said...

"u.s. service sector growth produces 577,000 results and "u.s. service sector decline" provides three results!

 
At 6/11/2011 11:54 AM, Blogger Buddy R Pacifico said...

Correction to my comment above: "u.s. service sector decline" did not include omitted results. When omitted results are included then 677 results for "u.s. service sector decline. 577,000 results vs. 677!

 
At 6/11/2011 5:42 PM, Blogger Ron H. said...

"The fact is, "Manufacturing" is just getting started. "

What does this mean?

 
At 6/11/2011 8:13 PM, Blogger Craig said...

The difference in attitudes between the increased efficiency of agriculture and that of industry is interesting. Much of that, I think, is due to the fact that people still wanted manufacturing jobs as they grew scarcer, while almost no one wanted to work on a farm.

 

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